Communication Art, Inc.

Dementia Tools

Reality Comprehension Clock Test
Dementia Populations Gift of Purpose Programs

"Focus is on skills that remain, not on those that are lost."


Published Research and Published Articles
Reality Comprehension Clock Test
(1999 RCCT Brock,B, et al)

2013- The Reliability and Validity of the Reality Comprehension Clock Test (RCCT) with a Hispanic Population. Cleghorn,S. Kucharewski,R., Olsson, R., Leiras, C., Crokett,C., Gill, J., Pettit, A., Powell, N., & Friedlmeier,M. Therapeutic Recreation Journal 47 (2) 109-121.2013.

2010 – “Application of reality comprehension clock test as a screening of patients with vascular cognitive impairment – no dementia. XIE Yuxiao. ZHANG Boxin, CUI Tingjie,et al . Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine May, 2010. Vol.25.No. 5 (pp. 411-414)

2008- “Montessori-Based Activities as Assessment in Dementia: A comparison of Methodologies” Skrajner, M., Camp,C.,J., Malone,M., Chilton,R. National Institute of Health Grant- paper. 2008

2007 - “Reality Comprehension Clock Test Proven Capable of Identifying Risk of Fall in Alzheimer’s and other Dementia Patient”. Feb. 2007

2006- “Clocks Tell More Than Time” Brock,B., Waugh,D., Olsson r. Jr., Wambold,S., Sprague,H. Provider Magazine. Feb 2006

2006 - “Take Time To Catapult Cognitive Care Plans to A New Level” July 2006
McKnight’s Long Term Care News

2005- “In the Swim” Addressing Health Concerns of Adults With Down Syndrome”.
Mary Beth Lavey, Stacy Schumacher. OT Practice- The Clinic March 2005

2005 -“Visual Spatial Abilities and Fall Risk. An Assessment Tool for Individuals with Dementia”. Roy H. Olsson, Jr., Suzanne Wambold, Barbara Brock, Diana Waugh, Heather Sprague. Journal of Gerontological Nursing- ( Peer review journal) 2005,31
(9): 45-51

2003- “Validity and Reliability Analysis of the Reality Comprehension Clock Test (RCCT) for
Individuals Diagnosed with Down Syndrome”.
Roy Olsson, Jr., PhD,CTRS, Suzanne Wambold, PhD,RN.
Journal of Multicultural Nursing & Health. Fall 2003 . Vol. 9 Number 3. 1-8

2003- “Clock Testing in Dementia Management”. Colleen Richison, LPN,BSW. Social Work Today. Dec. 2003

2002- “Secondary Effects of Using the Reality Comprehension Clock Test”. Roy Olsson,Jr, PhD,CTRS, Suzanne Wambold, R.N. M.Ed. Global Therapeutic Recreation . 2002 (pp 1-12)

2002- “Reality Comprehension Clock Test: A Validity and Reliability Analysis for Individual’s Diagnosed With Mental Retardation”. Roy H. Olsson, Jr. PhD., Lee Ellis, PhD, Ruthie Kucharewski, PhD., CTRS. 64 Global Therapeutic Recreation. 2002 (pp 1-5)

2001- “The Reality Comprehension Clock Test a Validity Analysis”. Roy J. Olsson,Jr., Ruthi Kucharewski, Holly Eichner. Expanding Horizons 2001 (pp 128-131).

2000- “A reliability analysis of a clock test for patients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease: implications for kinesiotherapy”. Olsson, R., Jr., Greninger, L., Kucharewski,R., Bahmer,W., Gilbert,M., Eichner,H., Clinical Kinesiology
Vol. 54, No. 2 Summer 2000

1999 - “Reality Comprehension Clock Test Manual”. Brock,B., Cousino,L.,Olsson,R., Rostetter,P., Kucharewski, Buchele,L. 1999 RCCT Press.(pp 1-29)

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